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Introduction to Floral Arrangements (Part 3).

Styles, Elements and Principles of Floral Design.

For this series, we will look at the basic elements of creating floral arrangements. We'll also dive into the specifics of designing and assembling flower arrangements.

In Part 1, we explored the know-hows in processing, storing, and maintaining flowers. In Part 2, we went into the typical flowers and plants used for decor. We also discussed how-tos in designing beautiful arrangements in an efficient way.

Here in Part 3, we'll compile everything we learned into a clear and useful guide. We'll discover the origins of floral design all the way to modern forms today. As budding florists, you'll get everything you need to know right here!

Interested in programs on designing floral arrangements? We recommend schools like the American Institute of Floral Designers ( We also encourage you to check out the Society of American Florists (


Three Primary Styles of Floral Design.

Various styles of floral design came about from different cultures around the world. Many florists continue to apply these traditions in fresh and relevant ways.

The first main style of floral design is the Oriental style. It focuses on the lines of the arrangement. It pursues harmony and balance in blending flowers and foliage.

Next is the traditional or Western style. It emphasizes the look and use of flowers en masse. It leans towards uneven compositions that still spark rhythm and creativity.

Coming in last is the modern floral style. It developed as a blend of Eastern and Western styles. It builds on the form and lines of the Oriental style. But it also allows florists to manifest their creative taste through unique design.


Elements and Principles of Floral Design.

As florists, we have our choice styles. Our customers also have different tastes and needs. But for every arrangement, every florist needs to include a few basic elements. With this, you can craft top-quality bouquets that still suit your client's demands.


Here is the lineup of important factors to keep in mind:.



Every design sets out with developing a visual and theme. Are you going with a chic finish or a rustic appeal? Should your bouquet have a showy look or a subtle one? It is essential to consider these questions before building your arrangement.


Proportion and Scale.

These two elements come hand in hand when you plan floral arrangements. They're especially helpful when you prep for large events and venues.

Proportion refers to the relationship between the sizes of features in your design. This includes your flowers, plants, and vases.

Scale is about the location of your flowers in the desired space. For instance, will your arrangement serve as a centerpiece for a table or decor for the whole venue? This will help you consider if your design fits the space where you set it.



This principle focuses on the form and structure of your floral design. Regardless of your desired style is, every arrangement must have a sense of balance.

To achieve this, your bouquet should have an element of equal color, texture, or weight on each side. Flowers and ornaments need to balance each other well in creative ways.



This element brings life to your design! It creates flow and movement that captures attention. It's all about arranging flowers based on their shape and form. With this, it draws the eye to the center of the design all the way to its edges.



Main flowers are the stars of your show! They serve as the center of your design. This is where accents and foliage seem to rise from, creating a fantastic illusion.

This principle is about bringing focus to your main flowers. You can create emphasis by contrasting colors and varieties of flowers. This means you choose accents and foliage to complement the main blooms!


Harmony and Unity.

Every floral arrangement needs to be relevant to the occasion and motif. It must ensure a harmonious blend of varying colors. It also needs to look unified with its vase and placement.

For a more detailed manual on the use of color and design in floristry, see our next article!